The top 11 company assets entrepreneurs should know about

When starting a business, it’s vital for entrepreneurs to be aware of the different company assets that exist.


Company assets are anything of value that the company owns or has a legal claim to. Knowing about these different company assets is essential for entrepreneurs who want to start and grow their businesses. By understanding what these assets are and how they work, entrepreneurs can make intelligent decisions that will help their businesses succeed.

When you’re starting a business, it’s essential to know about the different types of company assets and what they mean for you. Company assets are anything that has value and can be used to produce income for your business. There are two main types of company assets: fixed and current. 

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are things like land, buildings, or equipment that your company owns. These assets usually have a long lifespan and can be used to produce income for your business over a period of time. Therefore, it’s essential to track the depreciation of these assets so you know when it’s time to replace them.

Current Assets 

Current assets are things like cash, inventory, or accounts receivable. These assets are more short-term in nature and tend to turn over quickly. Therefore, it’s essential to keep an eye on your current asset turnover ratio, so you’re not holding onto too much inventory or cash.

Knowing about both types of company assets is essential for entrepreneurs who want to make sure their business is as successful as possible. By understanding the value of each type, you can make better decisions about how to use them and grow your business.

Cash Flow

The first and most obvious asset is cash. This is the money that the company has in its bank account and can use to pay bills and expenses. Cash flow is the movement of money in and out of a business. It’s vital for entrepreneurs to have a good understanding of their company’s cash flow so they can make informed decisions about their business.

Accounts Receivable

The second most important asset is accounts receivable. This is the amount of money that customers owe the company for products or services they have already received. Accounts receivable represent future income for the company and are very important to its financial health. Entrepreneurs need to keep an eye on their accounts receivable so they can make sure they’re not taking on too much risk by extending too much credit to their customers.


Another essential asset is inventory. Inventory is the number of goods a company has on hand that are available for sale. This includes all the products and materials that the company has either purchased or produced. It’s crucial for entrepreneurs to have a good inventory management system in place so that they don’t overspend or run out of products. In addition, entrepreneurs need to keep an eye on their inventory levels so they don’t end up with too much or too little stock on hand.


Fixed Assets 

The next key asset entrepreneurs should be familiar with is fixed assets. Fixed assets are long-term assets such as land, buildings, vehicles and equipment. Entrepreneurs need to be aware of their company’s fixed assets because they’ll need to account for them when it comes time to sell the business. 

Intellectual Property

Intellectual property is another valuable asset for companies. This includes patents, copyrights, and trade secrets that give the company a legal monopoly on specific products or services. Intellectual property is any intangible asset that has value because of its uniqueness. Entrepreneurs need to be aware of their company’s intellectual property so they can protect it from being stolen or copied. A patent gives the owner exclusive rights to make, use, sell, or import an invention for a set period of time. Patents are granted to inventors for new inventions. It is important to file patents on important inventions so you can protect them from being copied. Copyrights protect original works of authorship, such as books, songs, and movies. Trade secrets are information that gives the company a competitive advantage in the market. Trade secrets can include the recipe for your signature dish, the formula for a new product, service to the internal processes used by the company or even the method you use to make your product. It is important to keep these secrets confidential and take steps to protect them from being stolen. 

Customer Lists

Customer lists and data are another valuable assets for companies. These are lists of customers who have already bought from the company or shown an interest in doing so. The more detailed and up-to-date the list is, the more valuable it is. Customer data is any information a business has about its customers. This could include contact information, purchase history, or demographic information. Entrepreneurs need to protect this data from being stolen or accessed by unauthorized individuals. You should also have a privacy policy in place informing customers how their data will be used and what rights they have with respect to it.

Company’s Reputation

Another essential asset is the company’s reputation. This includes both the good and bad things that people say about the company. A strong reputation can help attract new customers, while a poor one can drive them away. 

Balance Sheet

Another company asset entrepreneurs should be familiar with is the balance sheet. The balance sheet shows a company’s financial position at a specific point in time by listing its assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity. Knowing how to read and understand a balance sheet is essential for all entrepreneurs.

Suppliers and Distributors 

The final company assets to consider are its relationships and data about its suppliers and distributors. This could include contact information, credit history, or pricing agreements. Entrepreneurs need to protect this data from being stolen or accessed by unauthorized individuals. In addition, these companies provide the raw materials or products that the business needs to operate, so it’s important to have good relationships with them.

Employee Data

The final key asset entrepreneurs should be aware of is employee data. Employee data is any information a business has about its employees. This could include contact information, social security numbers, or salary information. Entrepreneurs need to protect this data from being stolen or accessed by unauthorized individuals.

Brands and Trademarks

A strong brand name is valuable because it helps attract customers and builds loyalty. A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol, or design that distinguishes the goods or services of one company from those of others. To qualify for trademark protection, the mark must be used in commerce (i.e., it must be displayed on products or services, used in advertising, etc.). Common trademarks include the Nike swoosh and the McDonald’s golden arches. 

Benefits of Having Tangible Assets

The benefits of having tangible company assets are that they provide a concrete foundation for your business. They can be used as collateral to secure loans or lines of credit from banks or other lenders. Additionally, they can be sold to generate cash flow if the company is in financial trouble.

Benefits of Having Intangible Assets

The benefits of intangible company assets are that they protect the intellectual property of the business. This IP can include trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and other confidential information. Intangible assets can also be licensed or sold to generate revenue for the company.

How to Protect Your Company’s Assets 

One of the most important aspects of running a company is protecting its assets. It’s essential to protect everything from your trade secrets and intellectual property to your customer data. In addition, it is necessary to protect them from damage or theft so that they can continue to contribute to the success of the company. There are several ways to protect your company’s assets. 

Adequate Insurance Coverage 

It’s important to have adequate insurance coverage for these items in case of theft, fire, or other disasters. Make sure you have enough information on fully comp versus third party cover to make an informed decision on what will suit your company’s needs best. In addition, physical security measures such as locks and fences can help deter theft and vandalism.

Contracts and NDAs

You can also use contracts and agreements to ensure that the assets are not transferred or used without your permission. The best way to protect trade secrets is through nondisclosure agreements (NDAs) with employees and third-party vendors. NDAs prohibit people who have access to your trade secrets from sharing them with others without permission. 

Passwords and Firewalls

Additionally, you can put in place security measures such as passwords and firewalls to protect your computer systems and data from unauthorized access. It’s vital to protect this data from being accessed or used without permission as it can be very valuable to competitors or cybercriminals. 

UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO)

One way to protect your intellectual property is by registering them with the UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO). The UKIPO has several different protection options available, so it’s important to understand what will work best for your business. 

Company assets are an important part of any business. By knowing what they are and why they’re important, entrepreneurs can make intelligent decisions about using them to their advantage and keep them protected from possible threats.