5 Tips On Reducing The Risk Of An Allergic Reaction To Food

Food allergies can be a serious concern for many individuals, and they can have a significant impact on daily life. Whether you’re navigating a busy grocery store, eating out at a restaurant, or preparing a meal at home, it’s important to be aware of the potential allergens that may be present in the food you’re consuming.

food allergies

In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide on top tips for avoiding an allergic reaction to food. From reading food labels to dining out, we will cover a range of topics to help you manage your food allergies and make informed decisions about what you eat. 

1. Always Read Food Labels Carefully Before Purchasing or Consuming a Product. 

The UK has strict laws in place that require manufacturers to clearly label any allergens present in the food. Look for allergens such as peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, soy, and wheat, as these are some of the most common food allergens in the UK. 

When reading the labels, pay attention to the ingredients list and also the allergen statement which is usually found at the end of the ingredient list. You should also check for any warning or advisory statements, such as “may contain traces of nuts” or “made in a factory that also processes nuts.” These statements indicate a risk of cross-contamination during production.

If allergens are found in food when the label has clearly stated they should be present, then the manufacturer could be found liable. Manufacturers are legally obliged to include allergen information on their food labels, and failure to do so can result in penalties and fines.

Moreover, if a consumer suffers an allergic reaction as a result of consuming a product that contains an undeclared allergen, the manufacturer can be held liable for any damages caused. In this situation, it is highly recommended to seek advice from a personal injury lawyer who can guide you through the legal process and ensure that you receive the appropriate compensation.

In addition to legal and financial consequences, including allergens in food can also cause emotional distress for individuals who suffer from food allergies, as well as their families.

2. When Eating Out, Inform The Staff of Your Allergies And Ask About The Ingredients Used in The Dishes. 

When dining out, it’s important to communicate your allergies clearly to the staff, whether it be to the server, chef, or manager. Let them know the specific allergens you are avoiding and ask them to check with the kitchen about the ingredients used in the dishes you are considering ordering. 

You may also want to ask about cross-contamination, as some restaurants may use the same equipment or utensils for different dishes, which can lead to traces of allergens in seemingly safe dishes. It may also be helpful to ask about the restaurant’s policies on allergen management and if they have any separate allergen-free menus or facilities.

Don’t forget that food allergens may be listed under a different name so that you can identify them in the menu or ingredient list. For example, casein (milk), albumin (egg), or gluten,

It’s also important to note that some ethnic restaurants may use ingredients that you are not familiar with, so it’s always best to ask the staff for more information about these ingredients before you order.

3. Avoid Eating Raw or Undercooked Food, as These May Contain Allergens That Have Not Been Properly Killed During Cooking. 

Consuming raw or undercooked food can be especially dangerous for those with food allergies, as the allergens present in the food may not be fully deactivated by the cooking process. This is particularly true for meats, fish, and seafood, which may carry bacteria that can cause an allergic reaction.

It’s also important to be cautious with raw fruits and vegetables, as they may have come into contact with allergens during processing or transportation and not properly washed before being served.

Always err on the side of caution and order fully cooked food, and if you have any doubts, ask the staff about the preparation of the dish you are considering ordering.

When cooking at home, always be sure to cook your food to the appropriate temperature, especially for meat, fish, and seafood, to kill off any bacteria or allergens that may be present.

Don’t forget to pay attention to the preparation of your food when you are in a shared space such as a work canteen or a friend’s house, and ensure that the kitchen and utensils used are free of any allergen contamination before you start preparing or consuming your food.

4. Be Cautious of “May Contain” Statements on Food Labels, as These Indicate a Risk of Cross-Contamination During Production.

 Many food manufacturers include “may contain” statements on their labels as a warning to consumers that the product may have come into contact with a certain allergen during the production process. This can happen when a facility produces multiple products on the same equipment or in close proximity to one another, and even though the product itself may not contain the allergen, there is a risk of cross-contamination.

These statements can be found in products such as chocolate bars, cereal, and other packaged goods. It’s important to read these statements carefully and to be aware of the risk of cross-contamination, especially if you have a severe allergy.

“May contain” statements can also indicate that the product is made in a facility that also processes other products containing the allergen, so always double-check with the manufacturer if you have any doubts.

It’s also important to note that not all manufacturers include “may contain” statements on their labels, so it’s always best to check the ingredients list and allergen statement for any allergens before consuming a product.

5. Keep a Food Diary, So You Can Track What You Eat And a Any Symptoms That Occur. 

Keeping a food diary can be a useful tool for identifying potential food triggers and monitoring your symptoms. A food diary is a record of everything you eat and drink, along with any symptoms you experience, such as hives, itching, swelling, difficulty breathing, and an itchy throat or mouth.

It can be helpful to include the time of day, the location where you ate, and any other relevant information, such as whether you took any medication or if there were any other potential triggers present. You can also share this diary with your doctor or allergist, who can use it to help identify potential allergens and to create a more specific treatment plan.

Do note down any changes in diet or lifestyle, such as starting a new medication, traveling, or changes in stress levels, as these can also affect the symptoms. A food diary can also be helpful if you’re trying to avoid certain foods due to dietary restrictions or if you’re trying to identify food triggers for other health conditions such as IBS or migraines.


In summary, food allergies can be a serious concern for many individuals, and manufacturers have a legal and ethical responsibility to properly label and ensure their food is free of allergens. Consuming a food allergen can cause an allergic reaction, ranging from mild symptoms to severe, even fatal reactions. 

It’s essential for manufacturers and food outlets to take food allergies seriously and to be vigilant in ensuring their products are safe for consumption by those with food allergies.